The captain, Boris Prokoshev, wrote that Grechushkin had told him he had gone bankrupt, but noted that he did not believe Grechushkin. Madi. [70], Das Welternährungsprogramm der Vereinten Nationen kündigte Lieferungen von Mehl und Getreide sowie weitere Hilfen an. [125] At least 150 people became permanently disabled as a result of the explosion. [34] Die Erschütterung der Explosion wurde auch im rund 50 Kilometer entfernten Nordbezirk Israels und im 240 Kilometer entfernten Zypern wahrgenommen. [98] Also, several United Nations naval peacekeepers who were members of the UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) were injured by the blast. Infolge der Explosionskatastrophe kam es zu Massenprotesten gegen die libanesische Regierung (siehe Proteste im Libanon 2019–20), die von den Demonstranten für die wirtschaftliche und politische Krise im Land verantwortlich gemacht wird. Ursache war ein durch Schweißarbeiten entstandenes Feuer in einem Lagerraum, wo Feuerwerkskörper lagerten, deren Explosion wiederum daneben gelagerte 2750 Tonnen Ammoniumnitrat zur Explosion … Die Schäden gehen in die Milliardenhöhe und treffen auf eine Wirtschaftskrise, die sich durch die Maßnahmen im Zuge der Corona-Pandemie noch mehr verschärft hatte. All of it."[48]. [63] Durch die Katastrophe reichen die Nahrungsmittelvorräte laut eines Regierungsbeamten nun nur noch für knapp einen Monat. Dabei wurden laut libanesischen Regierungsangaben mindestens 190 Menschen getötet und mehr als 6500 verletzt. [181] Later, on 17 August, the incumbent director-general of Lebanon's customs authority Badri Daher was also arrested. Die Krankenhäuser waren überlastet und ein noch bestehender Lockdown wurde ausgesetzt. [17], The damage from the blast affected over half of Beirut, with the likely cost above $15 billion and insured losses at around $3 billion. [130][131], The explosion overturned cars and stripped steel-framed buildings of their cladding. The five injured were connected to the Dutch embassy. [48][143] Four nurses died from the initial blast, fifteen patients died after their ventilators stopped working, and several child cancer patients were injured by flying glass. [122][123][164], The edible-oil tanker ship Amadeo II was nearest to the explosion, which deposited the mangled remains of the ship on a nearby quay. Jump to navigation Jump to search. [6][7][8] On 10 August 2020, Prime Minister Hassan Diab and the Lebanese cabinet resigned due to mounting political pressure exacerbated by the event. He had been live-streaming the fire at the warehouse on Facebook at the time. [247], As a result of the explosion, concerns were raised about the storage of ammonium nitrate in other ports across the world. Daten können verwendet werden, um Benutzerfreundlichkeit, Systeme und Software aufzubauen oder zu verbessern. Nach etwa 15 Minuten[24] kam es dann zu einer ersten Explosion. [52] Laut einer Untersuchung der WHO ist mehr als die Hälfte der 55 Krankenhäuser und Gesundheitszentren in der Stadt nicht funktionsfähig. [139] About 15,000 tonnes (14,800 long tons; 16,500 short tons) of grain were lost, leaving the country with less than a month's worth of grain in reserve. Other resolutions: 320 × 240 pixels | 640 × 480 pixels | 1,024 × 768 pixels | 1,280 × 960 pixels. [71][e] The General Director of General Security, Major General Abbas Ibrahim, said the ammonium nitrate confiscated from Rhosus had exploded. [190][needs update], The Lebanese Red Cross said every available ambulance from North Lebanon, Bekaa, and South Lebanon was being dispatched to Beirut to help patients. [132] Several countries expressed solidarity by lighting up landmarks and monuments in the colours of the Lebanese flag, including the City Hall of Tel Aviv,[235][l] whereas the Eiffel Tower in Paris went dark at midnight,[245] and the Arab League flew its flag at its headquarters in Cairo at half-mast. [160][161] Two members of the crew were killed, and seven crew members were injured. Nach einem Bericht des libanesischen Fernsehsenders LBCI brach das Feuer wahrscheinlich durch Funkenflug bei Schweißarbeiten aus. August 2020 wurde der Libanon durch eine Explosion im Beiruter Hafen schwer getroffen. [80] A port worker said Warehouse 12 was "not in regular use", and that "those in charge only used to open the warehouse to stack inside it materials confiscated upon judicial orders or perilous products", though he had not seen this to include any armaments. Insbesondere der Bildungssektor wurde stark beeinträchtigt. [1] The Lebanese ambassador to Jordan Tracy Chamoun also resigned. [160][170][124], Hapag-Lloyd's offices in Beirut were destroyed. [81][82] Die Bundeswehr entsandte ein medizinisches Erkundungsteam sowie die Korvette Ludwigshafen nach Beirut, außerdem hat das Auswärtige Amt dem Deutschen Roten Kreuz finanzielle Unterstützung für die Katastrophenhilfe im Libanon zur Verfügung gestellt. [235] There was also backlash inside Lebanon against the Israeli gesture. [24][51] Drei Krankenhäuser wurden evakuiert, da sie schwer beschädigt beziehungsweise zerstört worden waren. Erkenntnisse über Zielgruppen, die die Anzeigen und Inhalte betrachtet haben, können abgeleitet werden. [172][173][dead link], Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport, the city's main airport, about 10 km (6 mi) from the site of the blast, sustained moderate damage to the terminal buildings during the explosion. [14], Aufgrund der hohen Explosionsgefahr ordneten die libanesischen Behörden eine Entladung des Frachters an, woraufhin das Ammoniumnitrat zwischen September 2014 und Oktober 2015 ins Lagerhaus Nummer 12 im Hafen verbracht wurde. [231][232][k], The International Charter on Space and Major Disasters was activated on 5 August, thus providing for widespread usage of various corporate, national, and international satellite assets on a humanitarian basis. [65] Another study used several videos of the explosion to describe the evolution of the fireball size and estimated the Beirut explosion yield between 0.9 and 1.1 kT of TNT. [206] President Aoun said the government would provide support to displaced people, and the Ministry of Health would meet the expense of treatment for the wounded. [208], Multiple members of the Lebanese parliament resigned in protest, including Marwan Hamadeh,[209] Paula Yacoubian,[210] all three Kataeb Party MPs,[210] Neemat Frem,[211] Michel Moawad,[211] Dima Jamali,[212] and Henri Helou. [42], Die Krankenhäuser in Beirut waren durch den Ansturm von Verletzten überlastet. [39], Bei der Katastrophe starben laut libanesischen Regierungsangaben mindestens 190 Menschen, mehr als 6500 wurden verletzt. Despite the damage, flights continued. Besuchen Sie zeit.de wie gewohnt mit Werbung und Tracking. [150] Embassies in and around Beirut reported varying degrees of damage to their buildings; the embassies of Argentina,[151] Australia,[152] Finland,[153] Cyprus,[137] and the Netherlands,[108] which were close to the blast, sustained heavy damage, while minor damage was reported from the South Korean,[154] Hungarian,[155] Kazakh,[156] Russian,[156] Bulgarian,[157] Romanian,[158] and Turkish[159] embassies. Although Mustapha Adib was announced as the Prime Minister designate due to the contribution of President Macron, he failed to form a new government and stepped down. [38], Mehr als einen Monat nach der Explosionskatastrophe brach ein Großbrand im Hafen von Beirut aus. [66] The Beirut explosion was similar to explosions of large amounts of ammonium nitrate in Tianjin, China, in 2015; in Texas City, United States, in 1947; or in Toulouse, France in 2001. The ship was very close to the site of the explosion. [11] The morning before the explosion, the head of the Rafik Hariri University Hospital, which served as the main coronavirus medical facility in Lebanon, warned that it was approaching full capacity. Sowohl der Eigentümer Igor Gretschuschkin als auch die auftraggebende Bank verloren daraufhin das Interesse an der Rhosus und gaben das Schiff 2014 auf. [18][32], By order of the judge, the cargo was brought ashore in 2014 and placed in Warehouse 12 at the port,[38] where it remained for the next six years. Ursache war ein durch Schweißarbeiten entstandenes Feuer in einem Lagerraum, wo Feuerwerkskörper lagerten, deren Explosion wiederum daneben gelagerte 2750 Tonnen Ammoniumnitrat zur Explosion brachte. [127] French architect Jean-Marc Bonfils died after suffering serious injuries at his apartment in the East Village building in Mar Mikhaël. [5], The Lebanese government declared a two-week state of emergency in response to the disaster. [17], On 27 September 2013, the Moldovan-flagged cargo ship MV Rhosus set sail from Batumi, Georgia, to Beira, Mozambique, carrying 2,750 tonnes (3,030 short tons) of ammonium nitrate. [47] So wurden alle mühsam angefertigten Buntglasfenster der Evangelischen Nationalkirche zerstört. [161][163], The Bangladesh Navy corvette BNS Bijoy, which participated in the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, was also damaged. [27] Die Detonation ereignete sich zur Hauptverkehrszeit und zerstörte weite Teile des Hafens sowie viele umliegende Gebäude. [54] Dem Beiruter Büro der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung zufolge wurde auch das Elektrizitätswerk in Beirut zerstört. [3][4] It was detected by the United States Geological Survey as a seismic event of magnitude 3.3, and is considered one of the most powerful non-nuclear explosions in history. Die deutsche Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe schätzte die Sprengkraft auf 500 bis 1100 Tonnen TNT-Äquivalent. Zwischen 200.000 und 300.000 Menschen sollen obdachlos geworden sein. Their study found that a best estimate and upper bound prediction of the yield of the explosion are 0.5 and 1.12 kT of TNT, respectively. [24] However, reporting by Der Spiegel has found that it was not Russian national Grechushkin who owned the Rhosus, but rather the Cypriot businessman Charalambos Manoli, who maintained a relationship with the bank used by Hezbollah in Lebanon. [24][28][29][30][31][32], Die Detonation wurde für 15:08 Uhr UTC von der amerikanischen Erdbebenwarte des USGS mit einer Magnitude von 3,3 ML registriert. One employee died and two were severely injured. [248] Large quantities of the compound were removed from storage in Egypt, India, Romania, and Senegal. He broke down in tears on television, calling the event "a national catastrophe". File:Port of Beirut explosion aftermath 4 August 2020.jpg. [146] Sursock Palace, a 160-year-old Beirut landmark that was listed as a cultural heritage site, also sustained heavy damage, as did its many artworks. August 2020 hat nach 4½-stündiger Befragung des Zoll-Chefs des Hafens, Badri Dahir, ein Richter den – ersten – Haftbefehl gegen ihn erlassen. [43][47][48], The second explosion, 33 to 35 seconds later, was much more substantial. [66], Aufgrund der folgenden Massenproteste trat die libanesische Regierung, die von den Demonstranten für die wirtschaftliche und politische Krise im Land verantwortlich gemacht wurde,[67] unter Premierminister Hassan Diab am 10. [12][13], The government-owned Port of Beirut serves as the main maritime entry point into Lebanon and a vital piece of infrastructure for the importation of scarce goods. [8][11] Wegen offener Forderungen wurde die Rhosus am 4. ", Murky world of international shipping behind explosion in Beirut, "What caused the Beirut explosion? Die Explosion in Beirut ereignete sich am 4. November 2020 um 19:21 Uhr bearbeitet. Eine Verarbeitung der auf Ihrem Gerät gespeicherten Informationen wie z.B. [40], Customs officials had sent letters to judges requesting a resolution to the issue of the confiscated cargo, proposing that the ammonium nitrate be either exported, given to the army, or sold to the private Lebanese Explosives Company. The efforts also included the restoration of schools. [67][68][d], An independent estimate by the International Monitoring System of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization based on infrasonic data obtained an explosive yield equivalent to 0.5–1.1 kT of TNT. [246] Some figures from the Israeli right-wing criticized the display of the flag of Lebanon, an "enemy state", in Tel Aviv. [86] Am 17. Nutzen Sie zeit.de mit weniger Werbung und ohne Werbetracking für 1,20 €/Woche (für Digital-Abonnenten nur 0,40 €/Woche). Abou Karim I became unstable, keeled over onto the adjacent Abou Karim III and shortly afterwards capsized. Also, former ministers of both finance and public works are due to be interrogated by a judge appointed by the Lebanon's High Judicial Council. [32] The Rhosus soon ran out of provisions, and the remaining crew were unable to disembark due to immigration restrictions. [62] Experts from the Blast and Impact Research Group at the University of Sheffield estimated that the explosion was one of the biggest non-nuclear explosions in history. [197] The money pledged was not to be given to the Lebanese government, but rather to the people of Lebanon through the United Nations, other international organizations, and non-governmental organizations. [64] Der in großen Teilen zerstörte Handelshafen der libanesischen Hauptstadt ist einer der wichtigsten Umschlagplätze des Libanon. [61] A study of seismic signatures of the explosion by the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources in Germany produced a yield estimate between 0.5 and 1.1 kT of TNT. ", "Beirut explosion updates: Massive blast rocks Lebanese capital", "Like an earthquake': Huge explosion rips through Beirut captured on video", "Satellite Images Show Aftermath Of Beirut Blast", "Beirut explosion rocks Lebanon's capital city", "Beirut's residents describe apocalyptic scenes after explosion rocks city", "Devastating: the terrible aftermath of the Beirut explosion", "Beirut explosion causes strong shock waves - Infrasonic, hydroacoustic and seismic signals registered and investigated by BGR", "Port officials under house arrest after Beirut blast", "Preliminary yield estimation of the 2020 Beirut explosion using video footage from social media", "Beirut blast was 'historically' powerful", "What we know about the massive chemical explosion in Beirut", "Massive blast in Beirut kills at least 10, sending shockwaves across city", "Lebanon: Beirut Explosion.
2020 4 agosto 2020 beirut